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SparkyLinux – full USB stick installation

 

SparkyLinux has gotten a new functionality – full installation on USB stick.
It means that you can do “normal” system installation, similar to the hard drive installation.
Key features:
– don’t need to cut your hard drive any more
– it’s possible to save your personal files, perform system upgrades, install new apps – everything on USB stick
– the USB system (for me) is still fast and light

The feature is available at coming SparkyLinux 2.1 rc “Eris” LXDE/e17 and any next one.

How to install SparkyLinux on Pen/Flash Drive?
1. You need 8GB USB stick (minimum) for “Eris” edition.
2. Read SparkyLinux 2.x hard drive installation guide.
The USB installation is in 90 % exactly the same as hard drive installation.
3. Put your attention on a few points of installation process:

§ 10. Choose USB disk (for example: /dev/sdb) instead of hard drive disk (/dev/sda).

SparkyLinux instalacja na USB

§ 11. Preper minimum two partitions on USB drive for:
– / – root dir
– swap partition
You can make one more partition for”/home” folder.

SparkyLinux instalacja na USB

§ 12. Choose partition for SWAP on USB drive (sdb2).

SparkyLinux instalacja na USB

§ 13. Choose root partition on USB drive too (sdb1).

SparkyLinux instalacja na USB

§ 18. The most important – GRUB bootloader destination – “rootmbr”.

SparkyLinux instalacja na USB

§ 20. Check all settings for new installation:
– partition “sdb1” (!) will be formatted for root file system
– GRUB will be installed to the mbr of root partition of “sdb1” (!)

After installation finished reboot your machine and start it from USB drive.

 
Back to -> FAQ main page
 

How to install SparkyLinux 2.x/3.x on a hard drive?

 

Instalacja ->SparkyLinux na dysku twardym po polsku.

To install SparkyLinux on a hard/usb drive run desktop’s “SparkyLinux installer” icon.
You can also use text mode installer – instead of GUI:
sudo sparkylinux-installer

 

1. Target system’s language

1. Run the installer and click “Yes”.

SparkyLinux installer

2. The installer will install the system with locales you’ve chosen at start boot and US English keyboard layout. If you’d like to change it click “Yes”.

SparkyLinux installer

3. Mark your language and click “Forward”.

SparkyLinux installer

4. Choose your language if different than English.

SparkyLinux installer

5. Choose keyboard model.

SparkyLinux installer

6. Change keyboard layout if different than English.

SparkyLinux installer

7. Choose your keyboard.

SparkyLinux installer

8. At this step choose default settings.

SparkyLinux istaller

 

2. Partitions

 

9. Make preperation for new partitions for SparkyLinux.

SparkyLinux installation

10. Choose a disk (if you have more than one) for the new system installation.

SparkyLinux installation

11. GParted disk partitioner will run itself so create at least 2 partitions (maximum 3) :
– root partition “/” – minimum size 5GB (10 GB recommended) – “Eris edition”
– root partition “/” – minimum size 20GB (30 GB recommended) – “GameOver edition”
– SWAP partition – minimum size 256MB (512MB recommended)
– additionally you can create “home” partition for your personal files

Sparkylinux disk partitionig

If you need help with a disk partitioning, read my tutorial : Hard drive partitioning

It’s in Polish so use the online translator placed at the top left corner.

12. After closing down the GParted window, choose the SWAP partition.

SparkyLinux SWAP

13. Choose the “root” partition for system files.

SparkyLinux root partition

14. Choose file system for the “root partition” (ext4 recommended). It will be formatted.

SparkyLinux file system

15. Choose a partition for your “home” folder if you have one.

SparkyLinux home partition

16. Choose file system for the “home” folder (will be formatted). If you would like to share your existing “home” partition with your other Linux account, choose “do not format”. The partition will be not formatted then.

SparkyLinux home partition

 

3. Users and passwords

 

17. Now:
– type your system administrator (root) password twice
– type your real name
– type your new user nick name
– type your password twice
– type your host name

SparkyLinux users

 

4. Bootloader

 

18. Choose a place for GRUB bootloader installation (MBR recommended).

SparkyLinux GRUB installation

 

5. Timezone

 

19. System clock settings. To set up your time zone choose “Yes”.

SparkyLinux clock settings

SparkyLinux time zone

 

6. Installation

 

20. If all the information is correct, click “Yes” to start installation process.

SparkyLinux installation

21. First the newly created partitions will be formatted.

SparkyLinux partitions foramtting

22. Now, all system files will be copied into the partitions.

SparkyLinux files coping

23. Next, the installer will do post-installation work.

SparkyLinux post-installation

24. As the last step, the GRUB bootloader will be installed.

SparkyLinux GRUB installation

25. The installation process ended, reboot your computer now.

SparkyLinux end installation

 

You should install a few extra language packages via Synaptic (or apt-get).
For Polish for example install:
– wpolish
– myspell-pl
– aspell-pl
– iceweasel-l10n-pl
– icedove-l10n-pl
– libreoffice-l10n-pl

For your language, replace “pl” for your country code.

 

Have a nice work and fun with SparkyLinux !

 
Back to -> FAQ main page
 

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