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calamares [2017/05/05 01:09] (current)
pavroo created calamares installation
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 +===== Calamares =====
 +
 +Starting from version 4.6, Sparky uses Calamares installer as default.
 +
 +Calamares is reachable in a live system under "​Sparky Installer"​ icon, which is available from a desktop or system'​s menu -> System submenu.
 +
 +{{:​calamares0.png?​600|Calamares icon}}
 +
 +1. The first "​Welcome"​ screen lets you choose language, you would like to use during installation process.
 +
 +{{:​calamares1.png?​600|Welcome screen}}
 +
 +2. Choose your location, set language for the target system.
 +
 +{{:​calamares2.png?​600|Language}}
 +
 +3. Choose your keyboard layout. You can try it out typing some letters/​words in the bottom field. ​
 +
 +{{:​calamares3.png?​600|Keyboard}}
 +
 +4. Choose or/and create at least 2 partitions for your system:
 +
 +  - / - root partition - it's a place where Sparky will be installed to. The recommended size is:
 +     * 10 GB (or bigger)
 +     * GameOver Edition 20 GB (or bigger)
 +  - SWAP partition - If your RAM memory is 1GB, create SWAP partition 1 GB (minimum) or bigger. If your RAM memory is smaller than 1 GB, create SWAP partition 2 times bigger that RAM 
 +
 +You can create an additional '​home'​ partition (recommended) for your private files and your account settings.
 +
 +Choose a place to install GRUB bootloader to:
 +
 +  - Master Boot Record (MBR) - it's a main record displayed as '/​dev/​sda'​ or '/​dev/​sdb',​ if you have more than one hard disk - recommended to install GRUB to
 +  - root partition - it's a partition where you will install Sparky file system to
 +
 +{{:​calamares4.png?​600|Partitions}}
 +
 +UEFI machines need one more partition with '​vfat/​fat32'​ file system and the size at least 100 MB.
 +
 +If the partition already exist on your machine, don't format it, just use it.
 +
 +{{:​calamares4-uefi.png?​500|UEFI partitioning}}
 +
 +If you have no partitions on your machine, you can use "​Automated Partitioning'​ option. The installer asks you about that and will use all the free disk space.
 +
 +If you have other system installed on your machine and no separated partitions for Sparky, use '​Install alongside'​ option so shrink an existing partition if you'd like to keep existing other OS installed on.
 +
 +If you still are not sure about the partitioning process, read [[partitioning|Disk partitioning]] guide.
 +
 +5. Type information about your account and the machine:
 +
 +  * your full name
 +  * your nick name - use small letters and numbers only (no special characters, no white spaces)
 +  * your password - you can use small, block letters, numbers and special characters (no white spaces)
 +  * host name - a name of your machine - use small letters and numbers only (no special characters, no white spaces)
 +
 +You can use different password for the "​root"​ (system admin) user, unchecking the "Use the same password for administrator account"​ box, then type twice the root password in.
 +
 +**Important !**
 +
 +<WRAP center info 100%>
 +If you would like to set a home directory (the next step) on separated, shared partition, **DO NOT** use the same **user nick name** as already exist in the other Linux distribution you will be sharing the home directory with. If you deleted other Linux distribution before and there still exist your old home directory - **DO NOT** use the same nick name as you had before.
 +
 +The new nick name **has to be different the before** so the home directory will get different name, so it will avoid problems after the first hard drive booting.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +{{:​calamares5.png?​600|Users}}
 +
 +6. Summary - if all the details are fine, simply push the '​Next'​ button to start the installation process.
 +
 +If you'd like to change something, click '​Back'​ button.
 +
 +{{:​calamares6.png?​600|Summary}}
 +
 +7. Wait until the installation process will be finished.
 +
 +{{:​calamares7.png?​600|Installation}}
 +
 +8. Then restart your machine booting from a hard drive.
 +
 +{{:​calamares8.png?​600|Finish}}
 +
  
calamares.txt · Last modified: 2017/05/05 01:09 by pavroo